The next big event is The Surge (scheduled for 2023-2024). The events that are still ongoing in the series are: The Verge, The Scourge, The Purge and The Splurge
With The Surge, the EIP-4844 (Q3/2023) upgrade gets a lot of attention for helping to reduce expensive gas fees in the Ethereum ecosystem, especially with Rollups solutions.
EIP-4844 helps to divide data in a transaction into small pieces, L2s don’t need to spend as much effort to query data from a large pool as before. Storage time will also be reduced => Minimize gas charges
Understandably, this feature will make Ethereum even “cheaper” using L2s like Optimism and Arbitrum, even though L2 transactions are already much cheaper than L1 Ethereum.
Layers 2 will continue to be in the spotlight because of this upgrade:– Zk Rollups: Polygon, zkSync, StarkNet, Scroll, Taiko, Loopring, Linea,…
– Optimistic Rollups: Optimism, Arbitrum, Metis, Boba,..